This is an extract from the Intelligence Briefing on Illegal Wildlife Trafficking by Financial Crime News. To obtain a copy of the Briefing contact FCN directly.
Wildlife Trafficking endangers many species, with particular concern over iconic African mammals, such as the Elephant and the Rhino, but also the Pangolin, which is the most trafficked mammal of all, Gorillas, Big Cats, Reptiles, Birds (like the African Grey Parrot) and wildlife from outside Africa.
Wildlife Trafficking generates significant proceeds from Elephant, Rhino and Pangolin markets.
The Elephant Ivory market is valued at approximately US$240 million to $720, with the Rhino market valued at between US$91 million and $698 million and for Pangolin’s the market is estimated at US$46 million annually.
Wildlife Trafficking in Elephant Ivory, Rhino Horn and Pangolin Meat and Scales is undertaken alongside other crimes, not just those to facilitate the illicit trade like corruption and forgery of documents, and the killing of rangers, and by organised criminal gangs also involved in drugs, arms, goods and human trafficking as well as in some cases links have been drawn to terrorist groups operating in Africa..
Illegal Fishing represents one of the largest markets open to and exploited by organised criminal groups, but beyond overfishing and the environmental challenges this brings, other serious crimes are also involved, including drugs and human trafficking, corruption and tax evasion, particularly effecting developing Countries. its time Illegal fishing was considered as a major financial crime issue as well as an environmental one. For more read the Intelligence Briefing on IUU Fishing by FCN.
With fish and other aquatic animals an important part of many peoples diet, it’s estimated by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, that we catch approximately 171 million metric tons (likely more than 2 trillion fish) annually (2016) worth an estimated USD362 billion.
How did Jacob Zuma, a hero of the Apartheid struggle, a prison mate of Nelson Mandela, and the 4th President of post apartheid South Africa come to be described in this book as the “Enemy of the People.” Chapter by chapter,
Zuma is revealed, by authors; Adriaan Besson and Pieter du Tot, first when his financial adviser was convicted of soliciting bribes for his boss, to how he renovated his personal homestead from extensive state-funds that he has still not repaid, despite an order by South Africa’s highest court that he must do so, to how his friendships, particularly with the controversial Gupta family, finally brought him down.
In 2018, after 9 years as President of South Africa, Jacob Zuma was removed from office by his own party, the ANC, for supporting a form of state capture which enabled so called friends to influence government appointments and contracts, costing billions of Rand.